SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE, Volume 25, Number 2: Pages 90-99,
February 1998.

Interrelationships among douching practices, risky sexual practices,
and history of self-reported sexually transmitted diseases in an urban population.

Foxman B, Aral SO, Holmes KK

Department of Epidemiology,
School of Public Health,
University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor 48109-2029, USA.

GOALS: To describe the interrelationships of douching, sex during menses, dry sex, and anal intercourse and their associations with self-reported history of sexually transmitted diseases (STD).

STUDY DESIGN: The authors interviewed by telephone 422 white Americans (WA) and 44 African Americans (AA) selected using random-digit dialing, and 135 AA selected from a listed sample of census tracks having a population of at least 40% AA.

RESULTS: After adjusting for lifetime numbers of vaginal sex partners, sex during menses was associated with self-reported history of chlamydial infection among women (WA: odds ratio [OR] = 3.9; confidence interval [CI]: 1.1, 14.0; AA: OR = 1.6; CI: 0.6, 4.2). Anal sex was associated with self-reported history of genital warts, genital herpes, hepatitis, and gonorrhea; douching with a twofold increase in self-reported pelvic inflammatory disease. Anal sex was most common in women with a history of same- and opposite-sex partners.

CONCLUSIONS: These data confirm the association of douching and anal sex with various STD and suggest that sex during menses is associated with chlamydial infection.

(File revised 7 December 2006)

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