The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion Entry on circumcision: "It was probably in order to prevent the possibility of obliterating the traces of circumcision that the rabbis added to the requirement of cutting the foreskin that of peri'ah (laying bare the glans)..."
Moses Maimonides, (1190 C.E.) "The Guide of the Perplexed". (Rationales for Jewish Circumcision.)
Rabbi Isaac ben Yedaiah (late 13th century France) gives an opinion concerning why circumcision is advised for Jewish males. In: Marc Saperstein. Decoding the Rabbis: A Thirteenth-Century Commentary on the Aggadah. Cambridge, Mass, and London, England: Harvard University Press, 1980: pp. 97-98.
Jacob Neusner, tranlator. The Talmud of Babylonia: An American Translation. Number 251. Volume XIII.B: Tractate Yebamot, Chapters 4-6. Program in Judaic Studies Brown University. Atlanta: Scholars Press. 1992.
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