Legal information about non-therapeutic male circumcision in Australia

This index page provides links to online documents relevant to the study of the legal position of neonatal non-therapeutic male circumcision in Australia. Documents are indexed in approximate chronological order.


  1. Medical Act 1939 (Qld).
  2. Articles 55-56,60. Charter of the United Nations (1945). In: The United Nations and Human Rights 1945-1995. Department of Public Information, United Nations, New York 10017, 1995. (ISBN 92-1-100560-4).
  3. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, G.A. res. 217A (III), U.N. Doc A/810 at 71 (1948).
  4. Morgan WKC. Penile plunder. Med J Aust 1967;1:1102-03.
  5. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2200A [XX1]. 16 December 1966.
  6. Leitch IOW. Circumcision - a continuing enigma. Aust Paediatr J 1970;6:59-65.
  7. Circumcision as a hygiene measure. Med J Aust 1971;2(4):175.
  8. Family Law Act (1975).
  9. Paediatric Services Committee, Health Commission of New South Wales. Circular no. 82/60, 1 March 1982.
  10. Australian College of Paediatrics. Policy Statement on Circumcision (1983).
  11. New South Wales Human Tissue Act (1983).
  12. Sex Discrimination Act 1984.
  13. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act 1986
  14. Children (Care and Protection) Act 1987 (NSW)
  15. Children and Young Persons Ac 1989 (Vic.)
  16. U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989). UN General Assembly Document A/RES/44/25.
  17. Secretary, Department of Health and Community Services v. J.W.B. and S.M.B. (Marion's Case.) (1992) 175 CLR 218 F.C. 92/010.
  18. Rogers v. Whitaker (1992) 175 CLR 479 F.C. 92/045.
  19. Australian National Health and Medical Research Council. General guidelines for medical practitioners on providing information to patients. Canberra: NHMRC, 1993.
  20. Family Law Council, Sterilisation and Other Medical Procedures on Children, Discussion Paper (Nov 1994).
  21. Queensland Law Reform Commission (Australia). Circumcision of Male Infants. Research Paper. Brisbane, December 1993.
  22. Family Law Council. Female Genital Mutilation, A Report to the Attorney-General. June 1994.
  23. Female Genital Mutilation Prohibition Act 1994 (NSW).
  24. Family Law Council [of Australia]. Sterilisation and Other Medical Procedures on Children -- Discussion Paper 17-25 (Barton, ACT; Oct. 1993.
  25. Minister of State for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v. Ah His Teoh F.C. No. 95/013 (1995) 128 ALR 353, (1995) 69 ALJR 423, (1995) EOC 92-696 (extract), (1995) 183 CLR 273.
  26. J Fred Leditschke. Guidelines for Circumcision. Australasian Association of Paediatric Surgeons. Herston, QLD: 1996.
  27. Position Statement: Routine Circumcision of Normal Male Infants and Boys. Australian College of Paediatrics. Parkville, Victoria: 1996.
  28. Barbara Ann Hocking and Alison Smith. The Potential of the Law of Torts to Assist in the Protection of Children. Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law, Vol 3, No 1 (May 1996).
  29. Crimes (Female Genital Mutilation) Act 1996, Act No. 46/1996 (Vic.)
  30. Australian Medical Association. Code of Ethics . (1996)
  31. Turner N. Circumcised Boys May Sue. The Health Law Update (Australia) 1996;1(4):1-2.
  32. David Richards. Male Circumcision: Medical or Ritual? 3 Journal of Law and Medicine 371 (1996).
  33. Haberfield L. Informed consent and infant male circumcision. Australasian Law Teachers Association Conference, Sydney, October 3, 1996.
  34. Circumcision Deterred. Australian Medicine; (6-20 January) 1997:5.
  35. Chappel v Hart [1998] HCA 55 (2 September 1998)
  36. Bruce Butler. The cruel cut that ruined a man's life. Sunday Times, Perth, Western Australia, 26 December 1999.
  37. Health Practitioners (Professional Standards) Act 1999 (Qld).
  38. Gregory J Boyle, J Steven Svoboda, Christopher P Price, J Neville Turner. Circumcision of Healthy Boys: Criminal Assault? 7 J Law Med 301 (2000).
  39. Human Rights in Australia. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission. September 2000.
  40. Christine Mason. Exorcising excision: medico-legal issues arising from male and female genital surgery in Australia. 9 J Law Med 58 (2001).
  41. Frank Bates. Males, medical mutilation and the law: some recent developments. 9 J Law Med 68 (2001).
  42. Skene L, Smallwood R. Informed consent: lessons from Australia. BMJ 2002;324:39-41.
  43. Hill G. Circumcision imposes risk on surgeons. BMJ 2002 Rapid Responses, 4 May.

Other information

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